Presently head of the Tunisian association for defending the right to health and free-lance consultant in public health, health systems and health economics and health care financing. Former state minister for migration and social inclusion and former director of health system development at WHO EMRO. Served as public health physician for about 16 years at various levels of Tunisian health systems and as WHO staff for two decades. Got his MD from the faculty of medicine of Tunis, his MPA in public health and public administration from Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and his MA in economics from Boston University. He is honorary member of the UK Royal College of Public Health Physician since 2005.